Dedication to

Freedom of Religion or Belief

Brandon is currently conducting groundbreaking research on the structural issues that government systems for recognising religions pose to the maintenance of high

Freedom of Religion standards. 


Click here to view Brandon's 

Doctoral Research Proposal in full.

Brandon Reece Taylorian is a leading scholar and advisor on issues of concern regarding Freedom of Religion or Belief around the world.

If you involved in Freedom of Religion or Belief advocacy and wish to contact Brandon directly, please email him at the following address:

The Doctoral Research Proposal of Cometan that introduces the Cometanic theory that religious recognition is central to freedom of religion impediments was accepted by the University of Central Lancashire's School of Humanities, Language, and Global Studies on Monday 2nd November and one week later,  on Monday 9th November, the Astronist Institution published this work of Cometan for public viewing.



In their 2020 International Religious Freedom Report, the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) detailed the recognition processes for religious organisations by country. Although the dynamics of religious restriction were acknowledged, the data alone did not explicate the possible link between the abuse of recognition systems and issues such as religious freedom violations, forced migration, discrimination, and terrorism. This project is primarily concerned with how the legal apparatus of religious recognition could be abused by governments and why this may be fundamental to the conditions of religious liberty. Religious recognition denotes the mechanism for the legal registration of religious institutions in a country; government recognition normally permits institutions to conduct commercial operations and religious services legally.

Abuse of such a system may include a deliberate bureaucracy bias against some groups to make legal registration difficult to obtain. This can entail requests for members’ personal details to store in databases for surveillance purposes, or the weaponisation of terms like cult, foreign religion, and extremism against religious groups that the state does not approve of e.g. Jehovah’s Witnesses in Russia. Studies of religious restriction divide the topic into government restriction and social hostility; government restriction is the focus for this research as the potential misuse of recognition systems by governments and political parties will be explored. Secondly, this study seeks to determine whether the commercial operations of religious institutions contradict religious principles and how governments may use recognition systems to restrict religious commerce e.g. the selling of religious texts or the collection of donations. Thirdly, determining whether economic freedom is relevant to religious freedom conditions will be important to this project’s study of the intersection between business, religious recognition, and freedom of religion.

Phase One (First Year)

(January 2021 – April 2021)

  • Submission of RPA (Research Programme Approval) and ethics application, approvals for which were granted in April 2021, the latter being granted by Professor Christine Barter of UCLan.

  • Initial collection of references relating to recognition of religion or belief (RoRB).

  • Initial theorisation of recognition of religion or belief as well as the approach of recognitionism.

Phase Two (First Year)

(May 2021 – August 2021)

  • Initial development of the theory of recognitionism including recognition agency, sustainable recognition system and the extension of these to the thesis main body.

  • Creation of the Spectrum of Religious Recognition as well as the first iteration of the Religious Recognition Around The World table.

  • Writing first draft of the doctoral thesis.

Phase Three (First Year)

(September 2021 – December 2021)

  • Searching for key individuals who have experienced the real-world effects of when recognition is misused by the state to discover the severity of issues within RoRB on the lives of those impacted.

  • Managing invitations and scheduling in the first wave of interviews for early 2022.

  • Further development of recognitionism, facilitationism and sustainable recognition.

  • Editing second draft of the doctoral thesis (particularly focusing on Parts 1 , 2 and 3).

Phase Four (Second Year)

(January 2022 – April 2022)

  • Creation and promotion of the Religious Recognition Project online, including the transference of information from the Religious Recognition Around The World table from the thesis to

  • Conducting the first wave of participant interviews for the research.

  • Editing third draft of the doctoral thesis (particularly focusing on Parts 3 and 4).